EU economic scoresheet: As crisis worsens, Brussels still in denial
31 May 2012
Despite clear evidence that its austerity policies are driving struggling members into ever deeper economic agony, the European Commission presented its annual economic report on May 30 seeking to defend a strategy that is bankrupt, argues the Guardian’s economics editor.
With Spanish bond yields heading rapidly towards 7%, the Greek economy on the point of meltdown and the future of the single currency increasingly in question, the timing could hardly have been better for Brussels to publish its report cards on the 27 members of the European Union. This was the perfect moment for the European commission to take stock, weigh up the policy options and announce a plan to deal with the unfolding crisis. The documents reflect the gloomy mood. There is a recognition that monetary union is going through its most troubled period since its creation. There is an acknowledgement – of sorts – that current policies are not working. And there are suggestions, born of desperation, for how Europe should respond: with common bonds, a banking union and the direct injection of funds into shaky banks from its permanent bail-out fund. This was enough to give the financial markets a sugar rush as dealers took comfort from the fact that Brussels was perhaps a bit less clueless than it has appeared to be for the past few months. As a strategy for resolving the crisis, however, it will prove to be another dud. For one thing, all the big ideas have been floated before and all have been met with a resounding "nein" from Angela Merkel. The deeper issue, however, is that even now the commission seems to be in abject denial about the bankruptcy of a strategy far too reliant on fiscal austerity. What's happening in the soft underbelly of the euro zone is that countries are seeing their public finances deteriorate as their economies languish in recession. For some, like Greece, the problem was always too much public borrowing, for others like Spain and Ireland the problem began with an orgy of uncontrolled private sector lending that has led to the state picking up the tab when the bubbles have burst. The predictable result of weak growth and weak banks has been weak public finances. Financial help has been offered to the countries in most difficulty but only on condition that they meet tough targets for reducing their deficits. Spending cuts and tax increases have led to even weaker growth, even weaker banks and meant deficit reduction targets have been missed, spectacularly so in some cases. Take this description of what has happened in Greece, where the recovery previously projected for 2013 has now – surprise, surprise – been further delayed. "Several factors hampered implementation: political instability, social unrest, issues related to administrative capacity and a recession that was much more severe than previously projected." That pretty much sums things up, but there is scant evidence that – even now – Brussels really gets it. It talks about striking the right balance between the need for consolidation, reform and growth, but without accepting that the current mix is entirely inappropriate. Europe needs three things: a plan for growth; a plan to recapitalise the banks, and a plan to share the burden more equitably between the rich North and the poor South. It currently has none of these things. And that's why it is now fighting for its life.