Tourism: Kosmopolitan Kaliningrad
19 November 2009
Sandwiched between Lithuania and Poland, the once forbidding Russian exclave of Kaliningrad now benefits from federal money and oil revenues. Cafebabel.com reports from a city that now offers that familiar mix of Moscow trash and flash.
“Where are you from?” asks Irina, a wealthy Muscovite, “and why are you in Kaliningrad?” She’s right to ask – without a McDonald’s or a stag party in sight, it’s an unusual destination. Wedged between Poland and Lithuania, the city of half-a-million was gifted to the USSR in 1945. Built on the ruins of German Königsberg, it has garnered much bad press since perestroika as a grim relic of Soviet times. Now a special economic zone within the Russian Federation, Kaliningrad received special favour under the Putin administration: his wife comes from the city. With money flowing in, it has benefited from a building boom, and now offers the same tawdry delights as big mother Moscow. Nearby beaches sweeten the deal, with old German coastal resorts only now being restored.
Singapore on the Baltic
At the branch of trendy chain First Coffee on Victory Square, size zero glamour waifs meet New Russian metrosexuals. The city’s favorite place for people watching, a cappuccino here will set you back a mere 80 rubles (1.84 euros or £1.66), a fraction of Moscow prices. At one table a businesswoman talks frantically about flights to St. Petersburg, at another a yummy mummy has popped in for a quick solo lunch. In the smoky heart of the cafe, several businessmen are locked in conversation. On the outside terrace, a Turkish student meets an Italian friend.
Kaliningrad is a city with big ambitions. Locals compare it to America, to Australia or to Singapore. It’s a melting pot of nationalities and backgrounds, a political hot potato with an ice-free port. “Whenever you ask someone where they come from,” says Marina, a teacher from Kyrgyzstan. “There’s a story. They always say, ‘from here’, but then you ask, and where else?” After the last German residents were deported in 1946, people came here from across the Soviet Union – often from Central Asia. It is striking how many still choose to come.
A UNESCO protected beach
Kaliningrad is not lacking in attractions, yet some of its charm lies in its blatant contradictions. An old German house stands in ruins, dwarfed by Soviet blocks, only a few hundred meters from the Fishing Village development, an evocation of old Königsberg in no way true to the original. Just off Victory Square the old Gestapo HQ now houses the infamous FSB. “You could only use it for one thing,” smiles local guide Sergei. “Something about the design.” Down the road the derelict House of Soviets presides over a deserted car park, while next door the foundations of the vanished Königsberg Castle are being excavated. Kaliningrad is a confusing mix of the old, the new, the reconstructed and the imagined: of Karl Marx statues, fountains, fierce pensioners and blacked-out Hummers.
History is turning into business for Kaliningrad, catering as much for local interest as for the hundreds of nostalgic German tourists who visit each year. The museum at the city’s Friedland Gates offers a virtual tour of old Königsberg, while in a bunker by the university you can see the room where the Nazis surrendered the city in 1945. At the restored cathedral, a small museum is dedicated to the memory of Immanuel Kant, buried nearby. The Curonian Spit is the real gem of any visit. It’s a UNESCO-listed stretch of sand in the Baltic, only an hour’s drive, more reminiscent of the Sahara than chilly north-eastern Europe. On one side of the peninsula huge empty dunes stretch for miles, while on the other, long beaches prove popular with day-trippers from the city. Densely planted with trees for stability, the Spit is also home to the ‘Dancing Forest’, an uncanny area of woodland where the trees grow with kinks, some are even looped. No scientist can explain the phenomenon. Kaliningrad is changing fast. As its transformation gathers pace the city’s refreshing dynamism is witnessed only by a small international business set.